If you are new to shooting and do not
understand shotgun choke tubes, you are not alone. A very large
percentage of shooters that have shot shotguns for years do not
understand shotgun chokes either. Simply stated, choke tubes were
designed to control pattern diameters at different distances or ranges.
Shotgun ranges are described in yards. Pattern is just the grouping of
the pellets at a given range or yardage. The pattern is the grouping of
shot delivered to a circular pattern. In other words, for a choke to be
effective, it has to have a certain number of pellets in a given area.
Ok - so given a range/yards and a
circle target diameter, a more open choke (say cylinder or skeet)
provides a less dense pattern (fewer shots) than a tighter choke tube
(say full choke). That means that a shooter can select a choke the will
provide a know shot density which is compatible with the target at a
give range./yards. A very handy adjustment when you are shooting ducks at
15 yards today and 55 yards tomorrow.
does choke work? A shotgun barrel is basically a long pipe with the
chamber and shell at one end. At the other end is the opening where the
shot stream will exit. The exit end is where the choke tubes are
located. Within limit the tighter or smaller you make the choke tube
hole, the tighter the pattern at yardage.
There are a number of choke tube
manufacturers, like Browning, Beretta, Benelli and Carlsons, and a great deal of science and experimentation goes into
making a good shotgun choke. Geometry such as barrel length, barrel bore
and taper and choke restriction are the basics to choke tube design.
But ammunition as well as choke material, geometry of the choke and even the choke's finish will effective the performance of any given choke.
Weather you are waterfowl hunting or competition target shooting, you will find the right choke for your shotgun in any gauge, including hard to find 10 gauge chokes.
Shop our huge selection of chokes and you'll find just the right choke tubes for your game and range.